Female Scientists that Have Changed the World. Women could play their role to change the world and they could do this through research and innovation. The research world was indeed dominated by men but some female scientists could change the world through their discoveries. More importantly, they could give inspiration to more women and girls to build a career in research and innovation development that could change the future world.
A pharmaceutical chemist named Tu Youyou focused on the research for finding the malaria treatment that is based on ancient medicine from China. She discovered a compound called artemisinin that is useful for reducing the number of plasmodium, parasites that cause malaria in malaria patients’ blood. This discovery has changed the world because millions of lives have been saved with this discovery. Artemisinin was extracted from the sweet wormwood that had been used for treating. Intermittent fevers that are also a malaria symptom around 400 AD in China.
Kiara Nirghin from South Africa was a winner of the Google Science Fair in 2016 and she was 19 years old at that time. She created a polymer with super absorbent ability. It is able to retain more than 100 times its mass. This innovation can revolutionize water conservation and at the same time sustain the crops through drought periods. The most important thing is that this polymer is biodegradable and low cost. It is made from avocado skins and orange peels anyway.
US space exploration would not be the same without Katherine Johnson. She was a mathematician that worked as a NASA scientist. Her calculation included the http://18.104.22.168 trajectories and launch windows along with the emergency return paths. That were used for flying the first astronauts from the US into space as well as the orbit of Earth. She created a change in the world not only because of her mathematical ability but also the fact that she was the first African-American female student of her graduate school. She was also one of few African-American female scientists that worked on the space program at NASA.
As a physicist as well as chemist, Marie Curie played an important role in modern. Nuclear science because of her radioactivity research. Her research became the foundation for many kinds of technology that modern people can enjoy including X-rays and radiotherapy that are used for cancer treatment. The Nobel Prize was all won by men until Curie came with her discovery. There was not any person that won two Nobel Prizes for two different sciences until Curie. She died because of the illness related to radiation but many lives were saved by her discoveries.
Marcia Barbosa that came from Brazil was a physicist with research focused on the water molecule complex structure. She thought that the water molecule anomalies could bring a solution to the problem of freshwater shortage. A series of water’s properties models was developed and it might be useful for improving people’s understanding of many. Things from how diseases could be treated to how the earthquake happened.